Written by E. F. Benson between 1920 and 1939, the popular novels mainly focused on humorous incidents in the lives of upper-middle-class British people. The books particularly revolved around the adventures of Miss Mapp and Miss Lucia, who lived in the small English town of Tilling.
Pemberton is now putting the characters into a new comic drama that "celebrates and lampoons the snobberies and pretensions of small town life".
The BBC explains: "It takes place over the summer of 1930 when Mrs Emmeline Lucas, known to her friends as Lucia, decides to take a holiday in the charming Queen Anne town of Tilling."
Steve Pemberton, who rose to fame as one quarter of The League Of Gentlemen, says: "As a long-time fan of EF Benson's Mapp And Lucia novels, I'm incredibly proud and privileged to be scripting a brand-new adaptation for the BBC.
"I feel sure viewers will relish their time in Tilling, and will enjoy watching the slyly scheming Mapp take on the gloriously haughty Lucia in a dizzying round of bitter bridge parties, devious dinners and malicious musical evenings.
"Benson's deplorably funny novels and cast of subversive, eccentric characters have been entertaining readers for over 90 years, and I hope to bring Tilling thrillingly to life. But be warned: this is no jolly period romp. This is a series about a war. May the worst-behaved woman win."
This will not be the first time Mapp and Lucia have been brought to the screen. In 1985 and 1986 Prunella Scales and Geraldine McEwan starred in the Channel 4 series Mapp & Lucia. The two series are available on DVD.
Pemberton is currently working with Reece Shearsmith on a second series of their BBC Two comedy anthology series Inside No. 9, and is expected to return to Spain this summer to film another series of ITV sitcom Benidorm.